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What is Rosacea?

Rosacea is a chronic skin condition that primarily affects the face, causing redness, visible blood vessels, and sometimes small, red, pus-filled bumps. It typically begins after the age of 30 and is more common in individuals with fair skin. While the exact cause of rosacea is not fully understood, it involves a combination of genetic, environmental, vascular, and inflammatory factors.

The signs and symptoms of rosacea can vary widely among individuals, but common features include:

1. Facial Redness: Persistent redness on the central part of the face, including the cheeks, nose, forehead, and chin. This redness may resemble a flush or sunburn.

2. Visible Blood Vessels (Telangiectasia): Small, dilated blood vessels may become visible on the skin, contributing to the redness.

3. Papules and Pustules: Inflammatory bumps resembling acne lesions may develop. These can be tender and filled with pus.

4. Thickening of the Skin: Over time, the skin on the affected areas may thicken and develop a bumpy texture. 

5. Eye Irritation: In some cases, rosacea can affect the eyes, causing dryness, irritation, and redness. This condition is known as ocular rosacea.

6. Burning or Stinging Sensation: Individuals with rosacea may experience a burning or stinging sensation on the affected skin.

Triggers for rosacea flare-ups can vary from person to person but may include exposure to sunlight, hot or cold weather, spicy foods, alcohol, stress, and certain skincare products. It’s essential for individuals with rosacea to identify and avoid their specific triggers to manage the condition effectively.


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