Cellulite formatoin

How cellulite is formed and how to improve its appearance

The above diagram shows a cross section of female fat and skin. In the two diagrams, the image on the left shows a cross section with no cellulite and the image on the right shows an image with cellulite. Female fat is arranged with connective tissue, known as septae, that anchors the dermis to the fascia superficialis. Due to various reasons such as poor circulation, the septae can become stiff and fibrous. When the fat cells increase in size , the septae lack the elasticity to stretch, so the fat cells bulge through the surface of the skin. This is what causes the classic “orange peel” dimpled skin appearance of cellulite.

The fat cells in male skin are arranged diagonally to the surface of the skin, not perpendicular – as in the image below. This fat arrangement is not as conducive to fat bulging through the surface, so this is why men are fat less likely to have cellulite than women.

male skin and fat architecture compared with female skin and fat architecture

How can cellulite be treated?

The newest and best treatment for cellulite is a technology called Shockwave or ESWT (Extra corporeal shockwave therapy). Shockwave therapy uses shockwaves (sound waves that travel at supersonic speeds) that tackle the causes of cellulite in a number of ways:

  • Mechanical damage and inflammation caused by the Shockwaves increases collagen in both the skin and the septae due to the formation of new blood vessels. The skin becomes thicker and more elastic and the septae less fibrous and more elastic as the Shockwave breaks down the fibrotic tissue.  
  • The inflammation caused instigates apoptosis (fat cell death), especially when combined with Fat Freezing, to lessen the size of the fat cells.
  • The increased skin thickness and elasticity reduces the appearance of the fat cells protruding through the skin, by restricting their expansion, thus improving the appearance of the skin.

Find out more about Shockwave Therapy.

Contact Us

Contact Info

Teesside Fat Freezing,
Spital House, The Spital, Yarm
TS15 9EU

+44 07941937269


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